4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA

The 4-6-0 wheel arrangement was a natural progression from the 4-4-0 (American type) when railroads desired a locomotive with more power. The first example was built in 1847 by the Norris Brothers for the Philadelphia and Reading Railroad. The early 4-6-0s were quite similar to the 4-4-0s of the time except they were a bit larger. The 4-6-0 became the best general service locomotive of its time. Around 16,000 were built. They were used on both fast freight and passenger trains.

The ten-wheeler was doomed when Atlantic (4-4-2) types got the nod for further mainline passenger power and when Consolidations (2-8-0) began head-ending tonnage trains. The 4-6-0 became practically a dead item for more than a generation.


Railroads that used 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA (data provided by Steve Llanso of Sweat House Media)


Surviving Examples of 4-6-0 "Ten-Wheeler" Locomotives in the USA

No.ClassF.M. WhyteGaugeRailroad LineLocationStatusBuilder InfoNotes
169T-124-6-036"D&RGW Cole Park, Alamosa, COdisplayBaldwin #7028, 1883 Underwent a cosmetic restoration between 2009 and 2021.
719K-44-6-04'-8½"CB&Q Sudman Field, Alliance, NEdisplay
168T-124-6-036"C&TS (D&RG) C&TS yard, Antonito, COoperationalBaldwin #6670, 1883 From Antlers Park, Colorado Springs, CO. Restored to operation in October 2019. Primarily used for special events and charters hosted by the Friends of the C&TS.
144-6-04'-8½"A&A (E&LS) Arcade & Attica Railroad, Arcade, NYout of serviceBaldwin #45083, 1917The tender is being used behind A&A 18. Previously operated in either 1987 or 1988. Awaiting future overhaul.
1004G84-6-04'-8½"CMStP&P Fairgrounds, Austin, MNdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #18080, 1900
1G74-6-04'-8½"Clinchfield B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MDdisplayCC&IC Logansport, 1882Previously operated in 1979.
147 (117)B4-6-04'-8½"B&O B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MDdisplayB&O (Mount Clare), 1863Named Thatcher Perkins B.
377 (108)F-114-6-04'-8½"C&O (CR&M) B&O Railroad Museum, Baltimore, MDdisplayBaldwin #21329, 1902
14-6-036"Walt Disney World (Unidos de Yucatan) Magic Kingdom, Bay Lake, FLout of serviceBaldwin #58444, 1925Named Walter E. Disney. Currently being overhauled in Strasburg, PA.
114-6-015"Redwood Valley Railway Redwood Valley Railway, Berkeley, CAoperational Named Sequoia.
9NG-34-6-036"SP Laws Railroad Museum, Bishop, CAdisplayBaldwin #34035, 1909
1 (801)4-6-04'-8½"Warren & Ouachita Valley (Chicago, Rock Island & Pacific) Hoffman's office building, Black River Falls, WIdisplayBaldwin #29750, 1906 From North Freedon and the Kettle Moraine Railway.
4444-6-04'-8½"M&B M&B Train Park, Blountstown, FLdisplayBaldwin #36174, 1911
124-6-036"ET&WNC Tweetsie Railroad, Blowing Rock, NCoperationalBaldwin #45069, 1917 Named Tweetsie.
2353T-314-6-04'-8½"SP Pacific Southwest Railway Museum, Campo, CArestorationBaldwin #38221, 1912 Featured in 'Pearl Harbor'. Operated in excursion service until 2000. Cosmetic restoration only.
254-6-04'-8½"V&T Nevada State Railroad Museum, Carson City, NVoperationalBaldwin #25016, 1905
1242T-574-6-04'-8½"UP Lions Park, Cheyenne, WYdisplayCooke Locomotive & Machine Works #2053, 1890
1784-6-04'-8½"Columbus & Greenville Propst Park, Columbus, MSdisplayRogers #5609
509 (403)4-6-04'-8½"Tennessee Central (L&A) TN Central depot, Cookeville, TNdisplayBaldwin #39553, 1913 From the Tennessee Valley Railroad Museum, Chattanooga, TN.
1395H-6-g4-6-04'-8½"CNR Coopersville & Marne Railway, Coopersville, MIdisplayMontreal Locomotive Works #52590, 1913
915 (44)K-44-6-04'-8½"CB&Q (B&MR) Rock Island Depot Museum, Main & 16th, Council Bluffs, IAdisplayHavelock, 1901
1024-6-04'-8½"GAN End-O-Line Railroad Park, Currie, MNdisplayAlco (Richmond) #64280, 1923
34-6-04'-8½"WW Cummer & Sons Cypress Pioneer Florida Museum, Dade City, FLdisplayH.K. Porter #5484, 12/1913
444R-14-6-04'-8½"C&NW Forney Transportation Museum, Denver, COdisplayAlco (Schenectady) #38526, 1906From the Black Hills Central Railroad, Hill City, SD.
134-6-04'-8½"TSE (Southern Pine Lumber) The History Center, Diboll, TXdisplayBaldwin #53599, 1920
15 (109)F-534-6-04'-8½"IHB (NYC) Tramway, Eagle Lake, MEdisplayAlco (Schenectady) #4552, 1897 bridge
404-6-04'-8½"NN Nevada Northern Railway, East Ely, NVout of serviceBaldwin #34942, 1910Official state steam locomotive of Nevada. Taken out of service on October 19, 2020. Undergoing mandated 1,472-day inspection and overhaul.
194-6-016"Chippewa Valley Chippewa Valley Railroad, Eau Claire, WIoperationalFrank Van Duzer, 1920 From Henry MacMillan, Galva, IL then Strum Steam Engine Days. Rebuilt back from 4-4-0 into a 4-6-0.
152 (2)4-6-036"Alaska RR Huckleberry Railroad, Flint, MIoperationalBaldwin #53296, 1920 Restored to operation in 1976. Taken out of service in 2002. Returned to operation in 2018.
724-6-04'-8½"GM&N (NOGN) Washington Parish Fairgrounds, Franklinton, LAdisplayAlco (Schenectady) #54484, 01/1914 From Green Bros Sand & Gravel.
1 (314)4-6-04'-8½"SP (T&NO) Galveston Railroad Museum, Galveston, TXdisplayAlco (Cooke) #2197, 1892
204-6-036"RGS (F&CC) Colorado Railroad Museum, Golden, COoperationalAlco (Schenectady) #5007, 1899From Alamosa, CO. Restored to operation in July 2020. Operated at the C&TS from late August to early October 2021.
453D4g4-6-04'-8½"CPR North Fork Lumber, Goshen, VAprivateCPR (Angus), 1912 Once planned to be restored by O. Winston Link, from New Hartford, NY.
2248T-14-6-04'-8½"SP Grapevine Vintage Railroad, Grapevine, TXout of serviceCooke Locomotive & Machine Works #2341, 1896 Named William S. Davis. Nicknamed Puffy. Once operated at the Texas State Railroad as their 200. Taken out of service in March 2015. Boiler being replaced. In the shop near the turntable.
119 (319)T244-6-04'-8½"T&NO (Houston & Texas Central) Roosevelt Railroad Museum (defunct), Griffin, GAunknownCooke Locomotive & Machine Works #2202, 1892 From Thompson Winery, Monee, IL, once named The Elizabeth. Current location unknown.
1382S-44-6-04'-8½"NP Beattie Park, Helena, MTdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #20596, 1902
18 (12)NG-64-6-036"SP (NV-CA-OR) Eastern California Museum, Independence, CAoperationalBaldwin #37395, 1911 Named Slim Princess. From Dehy Park. Restored to operation in October 2016. Suffered a piston failure on April 9, 2019 on the D&S. Operated on loan at the D&S in 2019 and 2021.
382 (99)G-14-6-04'-8½"IC (Clinchfield) Casey Jones Village, Jackson, TNdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #27048, 1905 Painted as IC 382.
34-6-04'-8½"Sierra Railtown 1897 State Historic Park, Jamestown, CAoperationalRogers #4493, 1891 Featured in 'Back to the Future III' and many other movies.
710K-44-6-04'-8½"CB&Q Historic Haymarket, 7th & Q, Lincoln, NEdisplayB&MR Havelock, 1901
54-6-04'-8½"WTCarter Lumber Polk County Museum, Livingston, TXdisplayBaldwin #36130, 1911
10610-32-D4-6-04'-8½"Red River & Gulf Southern Forest Heritage Museum, Long Leaf, LAdisplayBaldwin #57203, 1923
40010-32-D4-6-04'-8½"Long Leaf Lumber (Crowell & Spencer) Southern Forest Heritage Museum, Long Leaf, LAdisplayBaldwin #51175, 01/1919
2355T-314-6-04'-8½"SP Pioneer Park, Mesa, AZdisplayBaldwin #38223, 1912 Cosmetically restored in 2018.
967 (343)K-104-6-04'-8½"CB&Q (Burlington & Missouri River) Pioneer Village, Minden, NEdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #16950, 1899
1356S-44-6-04'-8½"NP Railroad Street East, Missoula, MTdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #20309, 1902
303 (32)10-32-D4-6-04'-8½"Mississippi Eastern (H&B) Monticello Railway Museum, Monticello, ILdisplayBaldwin #43334, 1916 Moved from Rockford, IL, June 2000. Once ownder by Richard Jensen.
1533 (264)H-6-d4-6-04'-8½"NH&I (CNR) New Hope & Ivyland Railroad, New Hope, PAstoredMontreal Locomotive Works, 1911 Restored to operation in 1962. Retired from excursion service in December 1975 in favor of NH&I 40.
14-6-04'-8½"WC&C Mid-Continent Railway Museum, North Freedom, WIrestorationMontreal Locomotive Works #53632, 1912Requires a new firebox. Will be restored after 1385 is completed.
1385R-14-6-04'-8½"C&NW Mid-Continent Railway Museum, North Freedom, WIrestorationAlco (Schenectady) #42187, 1907 New boiler being fabricated.
2645E-25s4-6-04'-8½"MSP&SSM Mid-Continent Railway Museum, North Freedom, WIdisplayBrooks #3687, 1900
854-6-036"Oahu RY & Land Hawaiian Railway Society, Ewa, Oahu, HIcosmetic restorationAlco (Cooke) #48585, 1910 From Traveltown. Appeared in the 1962 film "The Music Man". Boiler replacement never completed.
1243T-574-6-04'-8½"UP Durham Western Heritage Museum, Omaha, NEdisplayCooke Locomotive & Machine Works #1890, 2054 Appeared in Last of the Giants.
175R-14-6-04'-8½"C&NW Steam Railroading Institute, Owosso, MIrestorationAlco (Schenectady) #45727, 1908NP tender; from Ripley.
35G-5s4-6-04'-8½"LIRR Oyster Bay Railroad Museum, Oyster Bay, NYrestorationPRR #4201, 1928From Eisenhower Park, East Meadow, NY. Awaiting movement to Alabama for restoration to operating condition.
316 (201)D-94-6-04'-8½"TSRR (T&P) Texas State Railroad, Palestine, TXout of serviceAlco (Cooke) #26142, 11/1902 Taken out of service in 2013. Awaiting mandated 1,472-day inspection and overhaul.
2522 (771)TN-614-6-04'-8½"MP Paris-Logan County Coal Miner's Memorial, Paris, ARdisplayCooke Locomotive & Machine Works #2408, 1898 Moved from a nearby school in January 2020.
1354S-44-6-04'-8½"NP Volunteer Park, Pasco, WAdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #20277, 1902
503 (401)4-6-04'-8½"KCS (L&A) Bryan Park, Port Arthur, TXdisplayBaldwin #37715, 1913
14-6-04'-8½"Washington, Idaho & Montana City Hall, Potlatch, IDdisplayAlco (Schenectady) #40684, 06/1906
225 (1098)D10h4-6-04'-8½"RBM&N (CP) Reading Outer Station, Reading, PAdisplayCLC, 1913From Steamtown, then Jim Thorpe, PA, then Port Clinton, PA. Operated in excursion service from 1992 to 1996. Boiler worn out and damaged.
3604-6-04'-8½"DFI (TO&E) Queen Wilhelmina State Park, St 88 & 272, SW of town, Rich Mountain, ARdisplayAlco (Schenectady) #62204, 1920
4410-32-D4-6-04'-8½"H&B SC Railroad Museum, Rion, SCdisplayBaldwin #59751, 1927
2252T-14-6-04'-8½"SP East end of UP yard, Roseville, CAdisplayAlco (Cooke) #2360, 1897From the Placer County Fairgrounds.
1124-6-04'-8½"NWP California State Railroad Museum, Sacramento, CAdisplayAlco (Schenectady) #44956, 1908Only surviving North Western Pacific steam locomotive.
2438 (6)4-6-036"CyZ Keizer Station Mall, Salem, ORdisplayBaldwin #24252, 1904 Built as a 4-6-2, from Claremont then Menifee then Murrieta, CA.
403 (103)4-6-04'-8½"CofG (SylCen) Savannah History Museum, Savannah, GAdisplayBaldwin #25310, 03/1905
104-6-015"Paradise & Pacific RR McCormick-Stillman Railroad Park, 7301 E Indian Bend Rd, Scottsdale, AZoperational
44P4-6-04'-8½"NYC&StL Steamtown National Historic Site, Scranton, PAdisplayAlco (Brooks) #38831, 1905 Oldest surviving Nickel Plate Road locomotive.
24-6-04'-8½"PS&BR tourist info park, Hwy 20, Sedro Wooley, WAdisplayBaldwin #39058, 1913
2204-6-04'-8½"Central Vermont Shelburne Museum, Shelburne, VTdisplayAlco (Schenectady) #55018, 1915
604-6-036"WP&Y near old roundhouse, Skagway, AKabandonedBaldwin #17750, 1900 Recovered from the Skagway River in 1988.
624-6-036"WP&YMP 2.3, riprap, Skagway River, AKabandonedBaldwin #17895, 1900buried in Skagway River.
664-6-036"WP&YMP 4.9, riprap, Skagway River, AKabandonedBaldwin #18964, 1901buried in Skagway River.
674-6-036"WP&Yriprap, Skagway River, AKabandonedBaldwin #18965, 1901buried in Skagway River near cemetery.
144-6-04'-8½"CCL Northwest Railway Museum, Snoqualmie, WAdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #15771, 1898To be restored.
8NG-24-6-036"SP Lillard Park, Sparks, NVdisplayBaldwin (Burnham) #31445, 1907
1031K-15-S4-6-04'-8½"ACL North Carolina Transportation Museum, Spencer, NCdisplayBaldwin #39884, 1913
635 (2707)TN-614-6-04'-8½"StLIM&S (MP) Museum of Transportation, St. Louis, MOdisplayBaldwin #10070, 1889
328S-104-6-04'-8½"NP Minnesota Transportation Museum, St. Paul, MNdisplayRogers #37583, 1907Operated until 2000. Undergoing slow restoration.
5741G-5s4-6-04'-8½"PRR Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, Strasburg, PAdisplayPRR (Juniata) #3966, 1924
972D10j4-6-04'-8½"CPR Strasburg Railroad, Strasburg, PAstored dismantledMontreal Locomotive Works, 1912From G. Hart, 1995. Currently dismantled. In very poor condition.
39G-5s4-6-04'-8½"LIRR Strasburg Railroad, Strasburg, PArestorationPRR (Juniata) #4207, 6/1929From LIRR, then Stony Brook, then Riverhead, NY. If the restoration to operation is completed by 2028, it will operate at the Strasburg Railroad on a lease from the Railroad Museum of Long Island.
34-6-036"Walt Disney World (Unidos de Yucatan) Strasburg Railroad, Strasburg, PAout of serviceBaldwin #58445, 1925 Named Roger E. Broggie. Undergoing overhaul for the Magic Kingdom.
1551 (1354)H-6-g4-6-04'-8½"CNR (Canadian Northern) Age of Steam Roundhouse, Sugarcreek, OHdisplayMontreal Locomotive Works #50778, 1912From to Steamtown USA. Traded in 1986 to Jerry Jacobson for Jackson Iron & Steel 0-6-0 3 (ex-BLW plant switcher 26). Restored to operation in 1988. Used on the Ohio Central tourist trains. Retired from excursion service in 1998 in need of repairs.
94TP-294-6-04'-8½"WP Western Railway Museum, Suisun City, CAstored serviceableAlco (Brooks) #46419, 1909Featured in Pollyanna.
1364S-44-6-04'-8½"NP Northern Pacific Railway Museum, Toppenish, WArestorationBaldwin #20421, 1902
637 (309)K-24-6-04'-8½"CB&Q (B&MR) Illinois Railway Museum, Union, ILdisplayRogers #4788, 11/1892
1149B4-6-04'-8½"B&ML (Swedish) Discovery Park of America, Union City, TNdisplaySwedish State Railways, 1913From Belfast & Moosehead Lake, Unity, ME, then Great Smoky Mountains, Dillsboro, NC. Last operated in 2007.
274-6-04'-8½"V&T Comstock History Center, Virginia City, NVdisplayBaldwin #39453, 1913 From the Nevada State Railroad Museum.
123 (11)4-6-04'-8½"Southern Lumber (Morelia & Tacambaro) Church & Martin Streets, Warren, ARdisplayBurnham, Williams #30555, 04/1907 Spoked wheels on tender.
250K4-6-04'-8½"ACL Wilmington Railroad Museum, Wilmington, NCdisplayBaldwin #35351, 1910 Nov, 2002: cab and tender moved to Great Smoky Mountains Railroad for cosmetic restoration.

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